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The Rhodope folklore region extends in southern Bulgaria, on the territory of Rhodope Mountain. The boundaries of the mountain can also be accepted as boundaries of the folklore area. The women’s costume is sanguine and one-sided, and the male – black. The most common musical instruments are the Rhodope “kaba” / low / bagpipe, tamboura, chans and rarely kaval. There may be a “cabbage” bag with two cannabis. Dance has a slow and moderate pace, with less complexity of movement. Men always play in a seated position, with wider and harder steps, more freedom in their game. Typical are squatting, kneeling, running cumbersome and wide with open legs. The Rhodopes walk on a whole foot and even have jumps they perform very low and restrained. They play with an upright body and legs. More famous are the dances: Yenino, Svornosto, Mitrinino, Momchilovo, Dospat, Chukano, Kopche, Ripni, Forward and back. Very popular are the songs of the gurbet, which are two types of departure and return. Close to this genre are also the shepherd songs, reflecting the main livelihood of the Rhodopean. The most popular songs are: “Izlel je Delyo haidutin” and “Bella jsem bella”.


The northern folklore region covers most of the Danube plain and the northern part of the Stara Planina chain. Folk costumes vary, depending on the season and location. The female costume is a sukmanian and two-ribbed type, and the male costume is a white-haired type. Folk dance in Northern Bulgaria is extremely rich and varied. It is characterized by swirling gameplay, freedom of movement and ease of execution. The most popular dances are: Dychovo horo, Eleno mome, Paidushko, Kopanka ruchenitsa, Gankino and others. In the northern man’s rhinoceros it is sometimes used a requisite which is played – a pitcher, a vase, a bushel, and in some villages of Varna the game with wooden spoons has become popular. Typical instruments are gadulka, shepherd’s whistle, as well as European wind and string instruments. Among the most popular songs are: “Eleno mame, Eleno” and “Myllo Lenche apple”.


The Shop Folklore Region is located in Middle Western Bulgaria. Its main territory includes the western part of the Srednogorie (Sofia Field and Vitosha Mountain) and the Bulgarian regions of the Kraishte region. The costume is sukmanana and the male is white-haired. The most popular folk instruments are: duduk, double, gadulka, bagpipe and kaval. The most typical for the shooter are the Graovski male horo in a slow tempo and size 2/4 and the Copa in the size 11/16. There are also various dance combinations: “Fall Man” Horo in 2/4, “Quartet” in 7/16, “Jove” in 7/16 + 11/16, “Lile, Dilmano Dilbero “at 8/16. The area of ​​Plovdiv is characterized by the most specific and difficult movements. The most characteristic of the dance performance here is the “shuffling”, which results from the more rapid springs in performing the main moves. It creates the impression of a continuous jitter of the body from the waist up, especially with women.


The Pirin Folklore Region is one of the smallest folklore areas in Bulgaria. It extends in the southwestern part of our country and covers the regions of the Rila and Pirin Mountains. The female costume is mostly bridged, but under the influence of the neighboring folklore areas one can also find one. The male costume is white-haired (during the rebirth, the black-haired) also appears. Musical instruments in the Pirin Mountain are mostly played by men. Widespread are the tambourine, the bagpipe (high), the shepherd whistle. Also the zurna is also associated with the drum. Typical for this region is the “Macedonian Horo” in the size of 8/8, the male and female rachenitsa in size 7/16. In this area, songs are singed at the table, at the table, at weddings, at people, etc. In Pirin, dances are faster, with high, jump, springy, and kneeling movements. It goes very lightly, plastic, with spins and sharp stops, which sometimes represent long pauses. The Pirin songs are very famous: “Macedonian girl”, “Liliano mome, Liliano”, “Fall of the Pearl of the Pirin”.